The cosmetic and skin care industry is one of the most exciting when it comes to innovation. There are constantly new ingredients being introduced to the market and whilst many are scientifically proven to deliver results, others simply do not live up to their promises. Newness aside, there are a handful of standard anti-ageing ingredients that dermatologists and skin care formulations swear by as being the gold standard. These ingredients should form the basis of any good formulation.
Broad Spectrum Sunscreen: This is technically not an active or ingredient, however sun exposure is responsible for many signs of ageing from wrinkles to dark spots and dehydration. For this reason, it is has to be inclded in any anti-ageing regimen or product. Thanks to innovation from ingredient manufacturers (including Sunjin Beauty Science), sunscreens whether included in anti-ageing products or as stand-alone products are now easier to use with very few side-effects.
Ceramides: The skin barrier is the outermost layer of your skin and its main role is to keep the essential stuff (hydration) in and protect the skin from the not-so-good stuff (irritants). Ceramides are lipids which help keep the skin barrier healthy and hydrated. The more hydrated the skin is, the more youthful it will be. Ceramides also have few, if any, side-effects and are therefore effective for any skin type.
Glycolic Acid: Is one of the group of acids known as alpha-hydroxy acids. Glycolic acid has the smallest molecular size, allowing it to penetrate deepest into the skin. It has the same exfoliating benefits of any AHA, dissolving the bonds between dead skin cells leading to improved skin texture, tone, and pore size. It has the added benefit of boosting both collagen and elastin in the skin. It can be irritating to sensitive skin, however in low concentrations or if introduced slowly it can be effective.
Lactic Acid: This is another of the AHAs and is usually derived from milk, however it is generally gentler and less irritating than glycolic acid. It is also less dehydrating than other exfoliating ingredients and has actually been proven to increase the natural moisturising factors in the skin. It does however make the skin more sensitive to the sun.
Hyaluronic Acid: Still one of the most popular ingredients for anti-ageing skin care, hyaluronic acid acts like a sponge, drawing water into the skin. Thanks to this action now only does it moisturise the skin, but it also helps plump up your skin and fill in fine lines.
Marula Oil: Face oils are gaining popularity all the time and for obvious reasons – they are ingredient powerhouses. One of the most popular skin care oils comes has to be Marula Oil as it provides versatile care for a wide application of body- and hair-care products. As a multi-purpose emollient, the oil has a light and silky feel that leave a luxurious impression on the skin. The oil’s rapid absorption supports strong all-round moisture retention, skin hydration and cleansing. It is also a powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory action, helping to reduce skin redness and alleviate irritation, on even the most sensitive skin.
Retinol: Also known as vitamin A and forms part of a larger group of skin care ingredients called retinoids. It remains one of the most effective anti-ageing skin care actives since it increases the rate of cell turnover, thus speeding up the exfoliation process. It targets fine lines, sun damage and combats blemishes. Retinol can however be very irritating so needs to be used with caution.
Vitamin C: This is a great antioxidant and helps neutralise skin-damaging free radicals which occur because of exposure to environmental factors such as sun and pollution. It also reduces the production of excess pigment in the skin, helping to fade spots and discoloration. Vitamin C also helps to stimulate collagen production making it a useful and worthy inclusion in anti-ageing products.